Working Capital Management

Working Capital Management (WMC)

Issues and Approaches to Forecasting -1

We are talking issues and approaches to forecasts. The most common approach to short-term cash forecasts is the receipts and disbursement approach. This method minutely traces the movement of cash and is preferred by firms that exercise very close cash control. 

 

After the firm has determined what types of receipts and disbursement are important in its overall cash flow, an important question is how to forecast the future level of these types of inflows and outflows. There are four common techniques of forecasting financial variables (i.e. items/disbursement): 

 

 Direct MethodIn using this technique, it is assumed that the variable to be forecast is independent of all other variable, or alternatively, is predetermined. The variable (e.g. lease rental) is forecast by using its excepted or predetermined level.
 

Proportion of Another Account This technique is used to project financial variables that are expected to vary directly with the level of another variable. For example, if sales volume increases, it is natural that more units will have to be produced to replenish inventory. It is then reasonable to project certain direct costs of production, such as direct materials, as a per cent of sales.
 

ompounded Growth This method is used when a particular financial variable is expected to grow at a steady growth rate over time.

 

Multiple Dependencies Under this technique the variable is considered to be influenced by more than one factor. The statistical technique of liner regression is often employed with historical data to determine which explanatory variables are significant in explaining the dependent variable. We will see the application of regression technique after a while. 

 

Since cash forecast deal mostly with the near future, many of the items on the cash forecast are usually estimated by some variation of the post method. The bases of these spot estimated are usually the firm’s other financial plans. Remaining estimates are mostly on a ‘proportion of another account’ basis, the another account often being particular period’s sales. The other two methods are employed less frequently. 

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September 30, 2008 - Posted by | Capital, cash loans, Credit Analysis, Credit Repair, Credit Rport, Current Assets, Working Capital, Working Capital Management | , , ,

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